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Article 14: Equality & Justice in India

Explore the importance of Article 14 of the Indian Constitution, examining its impact on ensuring equality and justice for every citizen. Know about the pivotal legal cases, recognize its essential nature as a fundamental right, and acquire knowledge on preventing its abuse for a more just society.


Advocate Arjun

5/10/20242 min read

statue of justice
statue of justice

Two significant cases, Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India (1978) and E.P. Royappa v. State of Tamil Nadu (1974), have set the precedent for Article 14. In these cases, the Supreme Court interpreted Article 14 extensively, emphasizing the principle of non-arbitrariness and asserting that the state must act fairly and reasonably in all its interactions with citizens. These judgments reinforced the notion that equality before the law is not merely a formal concept but a substantive right that obliges the state to treat all individuals equally and without discrimination.

To prevent the misuse of Article 14, it is crucial to enhance the capacity of institutions that uphold the rule of law and promote accountability and transparency in governance. Furthermore, there is a need for increased awareness and education on the fundamental principles of Article 14, fostering a culture of equality and justice. Additionally, it is essential to establish strong mechanisms for legal recourse and oversight to effectively address instances of discrimination and arbitrary actions.

In summary, Article 14 of the Indian Constitution serves as a guiding light towards a fair and just society. While it has been instrumental in promoting equality, it is vital to remain vigilant and take collective action to prevent its exploitation and uphold its true essence of justice and fairness for all.

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Article 14 of the Indian Constitution serves as a crucial pillar of justice and fairness, embodying the fundamental right to equality before the law and equal protection of the laws within India. It forms the foundation of a just and equitable society, ensuring that every person, regardless of their caste, creed, gender, religion, or socioeconomic status, is treated fairly and impartially under the law.

The necessity for Article 14 arises from the historical injustices and inequalities that have prevailed in Indian society, where discrimination based on factors such as caste, religion, and gender was widespread. Article 14 aims to address these injustices by guaranteeing equal treatment and opportunities for all citizens, irrespective of their backgrounds. It fosters a society where every individual has the right to seek justice and equality before the law, regardless of their circumstances.